Nerve Blocks have been previously mentioned in the regional anesthesia section. They are part of a regional anesthesia technique. There are many different types of nerve blocks that can be used depending on the circumstances of the surgery. Today, most of the nerve blocks are given with the use of ultrasound and/or a nerve stimulator which makes them more effective and safer. They will most likely be given to you before surgery after you have received intravenous sedation. Below is a list of common blocks according to region and the areas they cover.
Axillary Nerve Block: Numbs most of the hand and wrist. Injection is given in the armpit area.
Ulnar Nerve Block: Numbs part of the hand, mostly in the area of the little finger. Injection is given in the funny bone area or in the wrist.
Interscalene Block: This is a block that is very helpful for shoulder surgery.
Supraclavicular Block: Numbs most of the upper extremity. Injection is given above the collar bone. An ultrasound and a nerve stimulator are used to make it safer and easier.
Infraclavicular Block: Numbs most of the upper extremity. Injection is given below the collar bone. An ultrasound and a nerve stimulator are used to make it safer and easier.
Digital Nerve Blocks: Numbs the finger injected. Generally given by the surgeon after sedation.
Sciatic Nerve Block: Numbs most of the back of the leg down into the feet. Injection is in the area of the buttocks but can also be given through the groin area.
Femoral Nerve Block: Numbs most of the front of the leg. Injection in the area of the groin.
Popliteal Nerve Block: Numbs most of the foot. This is a combination of two nerves, the tibial and common peroneal nerve. Injection is in the back of the knee in the popliteal area.